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Home >> Painting and Sculpting >> Brush Reference >> Push

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The Push tool moves vertices away from the surface along the calculated normal direction of the polygon. The default method is to use the normal calculated from the center of the brush stroke. The effect is that of pulling the surface of the model outward from the surface as if the sculpt tool were simply moving vertices outward according to the profile of the brush. Pressing the 'Ctrl' key down while using the tool will send the surface downwards creating a valley rather than a hill. Pressing 'Shift' while using the tool will enable the 'Smooth' function. The 'Push' tool can be found under the 'Paint' tab for the interface in the 'Sculpt' submenu of the toolbox. The tool can also be called from the menu bar under the "Texture > Sculpt Tools" menu. Additionally, the tool can be combined with the various 'Tips' as well as the 'Inks' and 'Nozzle' to further customize the way the brush affects the surface. When activated the following attributes are displayed in the Properties panel.

Nozzle PanelSculpt: Push--

Sculpt Mode: The 'Sculpt Mode' determines which method of sculpting is to be used. By default the setting is 'Automatic' which will perform mesh based sculpts when there are no displacement images and automatically switch to image based sculpting when there an image is available. There are times when you may want to force MODO into mesh based sculpting even if you have an image applied for displacement. This can be very helpful for blocking out shapes and form, as mesh sculpting is only affecting the cage vertices of the base geometry.
Automatic-- chooses between mesh and image sculpting depending on availability of displacement image map texture.
Mesh-- forces the tools to perform mesh sculpting only.
Image Map (Details)-- forces the tools to perform image sculpting only.

Offset Mode: MODO provides two methods for calculating the way the tool moves the surface when brushing.
Adaptive: The adaptive mode will adapt to the surface that is being brushed on based on the setting for 'Offset Amount' and the size of the brush.
Absolute: When in 'Absolute' mode, the 'Offset Distance' setting will become active and users may enter a specific distance value the brush will conform to regardless of brush scale.

Offset Distance: This control is disabled unless the 'Offset Mode' is set to 'Absolute'. When active, the value determines specifically how far to displace the surface.

Offset Amount: Active only when the 'Offset Mode' is set to 'Adaptive', this percentage value modulates the extent of the brush stroke. The total scale of the sculpt deformation will be equal to the brush size times the offset amount percentage.
(Note: This is a very important value for controlling sculpted detail and as such it can be adjusted interactively by using the MMB+click and hauling left or right.)

Smooth Amount: The Smooth tool is such a useful method for controlling sculpt detail it is available with almost every sculpting tool in MODO and can be accessed by simply holding the Shift key down while sculpting. The Smooth amount attribute allows you to control the amount of smoothing applied when using the Shift qualifier with that specific tool. This is a convenience feature implemented specifically to enhance the sculpting workflow.

Smooth Mode: MODO provides alternate methods for applying smoothing while sculpting-
Shift Key-- The smooth mode is enabled when the 'Shift' key is depressed.
Low Pressure-- When using a pressure sensitive tablet, users may apply the 'Low Pressure' option, where light sculpting strokes will have a smoothing affect on the surface. Once the pressure threshold is exceeded, the smoothing effect will attenuate toward the full pressure effect where the brush will work normally as determined by the tool providing a dual function to the brush.
Uniform-- When set to 'Uniform', smoothing is always on while sculpting, thus making softer strokes.

Normal Mode: This option controls the method used for displacing the sculpted vertices. The various options include:
Brush Center-- uses the geometry at the very center of the brush to calculate the direction along which to displace the mesh.
Vertex-- displaces each vertex along its own normal.
Average-- calculates an average normal for all the vertices inside the brush.
Screen-- displaces the vertices directly towards the active viewport.
Mouse Down-- uses the normal of the mesh surface directly under the mouse when the LMB is clicked. All displacement is then carried out according to that vector.
X,Y,Z-- allows you to pick a world axis along which to displace the vertices.

Density Mode: This control determines how the sculpt stroke affects areas of the mesh that it has already covered. For instance, brushing back and forth will cause the sculpt tool to run back over itself which can have a number of different effects. This controls the sculpt during a single stroke. Once the stylus comes off the tablet or you release the LMB the density control is reset.
Additive-- continues to add to the displacement each time the brush crosses over its own path with no maximum cap to govern the sculpt.
Attenuate-- continues to add to the displacement as the brush crosses over its own stroke until the displacement reaches the Offset Distance or Amount value.
Max Stroke-- enforces a maximum offset based on the largest displacement value of the current stroke.
Max Map-- caps the sculpt effect at the maximum amount in the current displacement image.

Interpolation Step: Generally, paint strokes are not a continuous lines, but a series of dots or dabs placed on the canvas. This option defines the distance between each dab as a percentage of the brush size. By default, this value is set to 8%. So for an 64 pixel sized brush, dabs would be placed approx every 7 pixels. Users can increase or reduce this value for a variety of effects. Increasing it toward 100% will produce individual dots, rather than what looks like a stroked line.

Curve Constraint: The 'Curve Constraint' option allows users to use pre-drawn curves, either Spline or Bezier, and then constrain the brush strokes to the curve when painting, producing a very smooth, controlled and repeatable result. It works by having the curve element in the background layer (visible, but not selected). Then the 'Curve Constraint' option is set to either 'Background 2D' or 'Background 3D' mode. Once set any paint strokes into the canvas near the curve will constrain to the nearest curve position.
The 'None' option disables the constraining, the 'Background 2D' projects the curve from any orientation onto the surface through the viewport and the 'Background 3D' option constrains the stroke to the curves position in 3D space, only affecting surfaces that are within close proximity (defined by the brushes size).

Curve Constraint Setup

Continuous Stroke: When this option is enabled, MODO will continuously draw a stroke like a line, instead of as individual dabs. MODO will draw the stroke as a linear segments between each interpolation step dab so increasing the scale of the interpolation steps will reveal the linear nature of the continuous stroke option.

Default 10% 'Interpolation Step'
produces smooth stroke
Interpolation Step set to 200%
reveals individual dabs
200% Interpolation Step with
Continuous Stroke enabled

Set Color: Users can enable this function to specify a color for painting onto an image map. The color will be applied with the sculpting stroke. Applies only to image-based sculpting and painting when both image maps are simultaneously selected in the Shader Tree.

Color: This value determines the color applied to the image map when sculpting.

Alpha: This value determines the opacity of the stroke applied to the image map.



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